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  • Kentucky local occupational license taxes

    December 20, 2022

    The prevalence of occupational license taxes on wages and net profits imposed by local tax districts in Kentucky underscores Kentucky local tax districts’ dependence on these taxes for revenue. The Commonwealth has historically been dependent on taxes based on income as well but has recently moved away from income-based taxes to become more competitive. Local occupational taxes are significant. For Kentucky to become competitive, should not local taxes be addressed as well?

  • How the Inflation Reduction Act impacts your climate-conscious clients

    November 14, 2022

    The Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 includes significant climate-related provisions that may impact some of your tax clients. This article covers: Provisions for sustainable energy households Nonbusiness energy property credit Residential energy-efficient property credit Energy-efficient home credit Clean vehicle credits

  • Big Kentucky Tax Cases

    July 11, 2022

    Manufacturing supplies matter! Manufacturers across the Commonwealth use manufacturing supplies in their manufacturing operations to produce many kinds of products. The Kentucky Supreme Court recently granted discretionary review in Century Aluminum of Kentucky, GP v. Department of Revenue, 2020-CA-0301-MR (Ky. App. July 9, 2021), discretionary review granted, 2021-SC-0300 (Ky. Feb. 16, 2022). This case involves the manufacturing supplies exemption of KRS 139.470(9)(b)2.b. The Court of Appeals relied upon an exception from the supplies exemption, i.e., “‘Supplies’ does not include repair, replacement, or spare parts of any kind…” and “The exemption … does not include repair, replacement, or spare parts[.]”, Id. at 2-3 (emphasis in original, quoting KRS 139.470(9)(b)2.b & (e)), to hold that the involved items were not tax-exempt. The Court of Appeals, borrowing heavily from the Circuit Court, focused its analysis on whether each item at issue, a repair, replacement, or spare part was because it was (or was not) “tangible personal property used to maintain, restore, mend, or repair machinery or equipment”. Id. at 3-4.

  • Understanding the tax code can aid those participating in the FIRE movement

    April 22, 2022

    Everyone dreams of waking up without alarm clocks, on sunny beaches and no longer having to go to work. People have realized that they can make this a reality without working into their sixties and seventies through the FIRE lifestyle. FIRE stands for Financial Independence, Retire Early.

  • Real estate tax valuation issues

    April 22, 2022

    Kentucky’s ad valorem real property tax is perhaps the oldest tax on the books in the Commonwealth, adopted in 1792. Real property tax is rooted in the Kentucky Constitution, which requires that all non-exempt property be assessed annually by January 1, at its fair cash value, estimated at the price the property would bring at a fair voluntary sale. Ky. Const. § 172; KRS 132.191(1). Valuation is the heart of real property taxation.

  • Are your clients prepared for a wave of IRS audits?

    February 25, 2022

    Changes to the nation’s tax system are on the horizon, and one of the biggest impacts will likely be a reinvigorated, well-funded IRS. And a well-funded IRS certainly means an increase in IRS audits. Businesses and high-income individuals would be well-advised to get their houses in order ahead of a potential wave of aggressive IRS reviews of tax returns and the consequent audits.

  • Big Kentucky tax issues facing businesses

    February 25, 2022

    By Mark A. Loyd, JD, CPA - A lot is going on with Kentucky taxes of which businesses should be aware, from actual and potential changes to Kentucky’s tax system to changes in tax regulations to tax case developments.

  • IRS Schedules K-2 and K-3 resources

    February 17, 2022

    ANNOUNCEMENT FROM THE IRS (Feb.16): IRS provides further details on additional relief for certain partnerships preparing schedules K-2 and K-3 for 2021 Attend webinar on February 22 or February 24, 2022 (1-3 p.m. Eastern) Surgent's Preparing Schedules K-2 and K-3: Critical Tax Season Update for Reporting Foreign-Related Tax Information for Partnerships & S-Corporation (Includes IRS update from Feb. 16) The AICPA’s Tax Practice & Ethics Team has developed IRS Schedules K-2 and K-3 resources.

  • Employee Retention Credit ends early

    November 16, 2021

    On Monday, November 15, President Biden signed the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act, the bipartisan infrastructure bill, into law. This legislation contains $550 billion in new spending including funding for roads and bridges, railroads, improvements to the power grid, broadband expansion, water infrastructure, public transit, and airports. There were few significant tax implications included in the bill except for a provision that terminates the Employee Retention Credit (ERC) after September 30, 2021.

  • Kentucky's Manufacturing Supplies Sales Tax Exemption: Century Aluminum

    October 25, 2021

    By Mark A. Loyd, JD, CPA Kentucky’s manufacturing supplies sales tax exemption was recently addressed by the Kentucky Court of Appeals in Century Aluminum of Kentucky, GP v. Department of Revenue, 2020-CA-0301-MR (Ky. App. July 9, 2021), which held in favor of the Department of Revenue in an opinion designated not to be published. The taxpayer has filed a motion for discretionary review with the Kentucky Supreme Court. Should Kentucky’s highest court review Century Aluminum?